Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, which is responsible for sending visual information from the eye to the brain. Over time, this damage can lead to permanent vision loss. While there are various treatments available to manage glaucoma, in some cases, surgery may be necessary.
Glaucoma surgery is a procedure that is designed to lower eye pressure, which can help to prevent further damage to the optic nerve. There are several different types of glaucoma surgery, including trabeculectomy, shunt surgery, and laser surgery.
Trabeculectomy is the most common type of glaucoma surgery. During this procedure, a small flap is created in the sclera (the white part of the eye), and a tiny drainage hole is made in the trabecular meshwork (the drainage system of the eye). This allows fluid to drain out of the eye and reduces the pressure inside the eye. The flap is then closed with sutures.
Shunt surgery involves the placement of a small tube or valve in the eye to help drain fluid and reduce pressure. The tube is typically inserted through a small incision in the sclera and then connected to a reservoir or other device that helps to regulate fluid drainage.
Laser surgery for glaucoma is another option. During this procedure, a laser is used to create a small opening in the trabecular meshwork to allow fluid to drain out of the eye. This type of surgery is typically less invasive than trabeculectomy or shunt surgery, but may not be as effective for all patients.
While glaucoma surgery can be effective at reducing eye pressure and preventing further damage to the optic nerve, it is important to note that it is not a cure for glaucoma.
Patients will still need to be monitored regularly by their eye doctor to ensure that their eye pressure remains under control and that their glaucoma is being properly managed.
Before undergoing glaucoma surgery, patients will need to undergo a comprehensive eye exam to determine the severity of their glaucoma and to ensure that they are a good candidate for surgery. Dr. Nishant Taneja will advise you if it is the best course of action for them.
In conclusion, glaucoma surgery is a procedure that can help to lower eye pressure and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. Regular follow-up appointments will also be necessary to ensure that their glaucoma is being properly managed. Book now an appointment with Dr. Nishant Taneja.